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Type 2 diabetes

What is type 2 diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is a lifelong disorder that causes your body to not use insulin the way you should. People with type 2 diabetes are said to be insulin resistant.

Middle-aged or older people are more likely to have this type of diabetes. It was said that diabetes begins in adults. But type 2 diabetes affects children and adolescents, mainly due to childhood obesity.

Type 2 is a very common type of diabetes. There are about 29 million people in the United States with type 2. Some 84 million have prediabetes, which means their blood sugar is high but not enough to cause diabetes yet.
What is insulin?

Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes:

The symptoms of type two diabetes can be so mild that you don't notice them. About 8 million people do not know it. Symptoms include:

• Extreme thirst

• Excessive urination

• Blurred vision

• Being cranky

• Fatigue/feeling tired

• Wounds do not heal

• Feeling hungry

• Weight loss without effort

See your doctor if you have a sore neck or armpit. These are called acanthosis nigricans and may be a sign that your body has begun to develop insulin resistance.

Causes of Type 2 Diabetes

Your pancreas produces a hormone called insulin. It helps your cells convert glucose, a type of sugar, from your diet into energy. People with type 2 diabetes make insulin, but their cells do not use it the way they should.

Initially, your pancreas makes more insulin to try to supply glucose to your cells. But in the end, it cannot continue, and glucose builds up in your blood instead.

Usually, a combination of substances causes type 2 diabetes. They may include:

• Genetics. Scientists have discovered a number of DNA fragments that affect the way your body makes insulin.

• Extra weight. Being overweight or obese can cause insulin resistance, especially if you carry extra pounds in it.

• Metabolic syndrome. People with insulin resistance often have a group condition that includes high blood sugar, excess fat in the waist, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol and triglycerides.

• Too much glucose in your liver. When your blood sugar is low, your liver produces and sends out glucose. After a meal, your blood sugar rises, and your liver will usually lower and maintain its glucose over time. But the courage of other people does not. They keep extracting sugar.

Diagnosis of Type 2

Your doctor may test your blood for symptoms of type 2 diabetes. Generally, they will test you within 2 days to confirm the diagnosis. But if your glucose level is too high or you have too many symptoms, a single test may be all you need.

• A1c. It is the same as your blood sugar level 2 or 3 months ago.

• Fasting plasma sugar. This is also known as fasting blood sugar testing. Measure your blood sugar on an empty stomach. You will not be able to eat or drink anything without water for 8 hours before the test.

• Oral glucose tolerance tests (OGTT). This checks your blood sugar before and 2 hours after drinking something delicious to see how your body handles sugar.

Managing type 2 diabetes involves a combination of lifestyle changes and medications.

Lifestyle changes

You can achieve your blood sugar levels with just diet and exercise.

• Weight loss. Losing weight can help. While losing 5% of your body weight is good, losing at least 7% and keeping it closed seems good. That means a person who weighs 300 pounds [180 kg] can change blood sugar levels by losing about 40 pounds [13 kg]. Weight loss will be followed by fatigue and constant fatigue.

• Healthy food. There is no specific type 2 diabetes diet. A registered dietitian can teach you about carbs and help you make a diet plan that you can stick to. Focus on:

o Eat fewer calories

o Reducing foods high in refined carbohydrates, especially sweets

o Add vegetables and fruits to your diet

o Getting extra fiber

o Exercise. Try to exercise 30 to 60 minutes every day. You can walk, bike, swim, or do anything else that raises your heart rate. Pair that with strength training, such as yoga or weight lifting. If you are taking a blood-sugar level, you may need a light meal before exercising.

Type 2 Diabetes Prevention

Embracing a healthy lifestyle can help reduce your risk of diabetes.

Lose weight. Losing only 7 to 10 percent of your weight can reduce your risk of type 2 diabetes by half.

Get started. Thirty minutes of brisk walking a day will reduce your risk by about a third.

Eat well. Avoid highly digestible carbohydrates, sugary drinks, and saturated fats and saturated fats. Reduce red meat and minced meat.

Problems with type 2 diabetes

Over time, high blood sugar can damage and cause problems:

• Heart and blood vessels. You have a fivefold chance of developing heart disease or stroke. She is also at greater risk for coronary artery disease (atherosclerosis) and chest pain (angina).

• Kidneys. If your kidneys are damaged or you have kidney problems, you may need dialysis or kidney replacement.

• Eyes. High blood sugar can damage the small blood vessels behind your eyes (retinopathy). Left untreated, this can cause blindness.

• Emotions. This can lead to problems with digestion, feeling in your feet, and your sexual reaction.

• Skin. Your blood does not circulate anymore, so the sores heal slowly and can become infected.

• Pregnancy. Women with diabetes are more likely to have a miscarriage, stillbirth, or miscarriage.

• Lala. You may have sleep apnea, a condition in which your breathing stops and starts while you are asleep.

• Hearing. You may have had hearing problems, but it is not clear why.

• The brain. High blood sugar can damage your brain.

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