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Ultrasonogram:

Ultrasonogram to diagnose

Ultrasonogram
A sonogram, diagnostic sonography, ultrasonogram are some of the names. It is a method of diagnosing diseases by looking at pictures of internal organs using sound waves of very high frequency. As sound waves are used, there is no risk of any additional damage to the body. That is why ultrasonogram is most used to get information about the position of the baby in the womb and its health. Although the common notion is that an ultrasonogram is performed on the abdomen; it can be done in almost all parts of the body including the liver, heart, and kidneys. Ultrasonogram is also used to perform some biopsies.

Ultrasound means the sound that ordinary people cannot hear. The sound waves used in the diagnosis process range from 2 to 16 MHz. Good quality images are obtained by using high sound waves, But they cannot reach inside the body. The skin and muscles absorb it. So the more internal images you need to see, the fewer waves you use; Although it reduces the image quality.

The way an ultrasonogram works
The special sound waves sent through the instrument penetrate the soft muscles and fluids of the body and are reflected back to a hard part. For example, when an ultrasonogram of the heart is performed, sound waves penetrate the bloodstream, return to the lining of the heart, and form a picture on the monitor. The sonographer specialist can get an idea of the disease just by looking at the pictures that these returning sound waves create.

Where is it used?
Basically, ultrasonography is done to diagnose the disease. But it is also used in some treatments. Such as in the case of therapeutic procedures and intervention guides.
Usually, the person who does the sonography is also a physician. However, he is a specialist in sonography. In order to diagnose the disease properly by sonography, it must be done by a sonographer with a degree. He initially prepared the report by analyzing the information obtained through photographs and sonography, which assisted the specialist physician in diagnosing the disease accurately.
The part that is in the sonographer's hand when performing the ultrasonogram is known as the transducer. A kind of liquid like jelly has to be used on the skin.
Ultrasonograms are often used as a guide when injecting anesthesia near the nerve.
Ultrasonogram is used to diagnose heart disease. The most common echocardiogram is actually a sonogram. Color Doppler can be used to better understand blood flow and the condition of the heart tissue. It also shows how active the heart valves are, whether there are any abnormalities, whether there is valvular regurgitation, whether the heart is able to pump blood properly, and so on.
Arterial sonography is used to diagnose blocked blood vessels. Deep vein thrombosis can be reviewed with venous sonography.
The use of ultrasonography in emergency medicine has grown exponentially, allowing for immediate diagnosis and treatment of emergencies such as pericardial tamponade and hemoperitoneum. Ultrasonograms are also needed to diagnose diseases that cause sudden pain, such as gallbladder or appendix.
An Ultrasonogram of the gastrointestinal tract has to be done for many reasons. An abdominal ultrasonogram is used to diagnose kidney, liver, spleen, gallbladder, pancreas or pancreas, stomach tumors, etc.
Scanning the soft part of the top of the newborn's head, tests for any structural abnormalities in the brain, hydrocephalus, periventricular leukomalacia, etc. are performed. Later, when this soft part gradually becomes hard bone, the brain cannot be examined by ultrasonogram.
In many cases, obstetrics requires the use of ultrasonograms. This is often done as a pregnancy confirmation test, even in the very early stages of pregnancy. The health of the unborn child is also checked by ultrasonogram at different times before birth. Doppler sonography shows the baby's heartbeat. If the child has congenital heart disease, it is known in advance.
Many urology diagnoses have been made easier due to the use of ultrasonograms. This is the most reliable test to know how much urine is stuck in the bladder after urination. Ultrasonogram is also important in diagnosing diseases of the reproductive system, especially the uterus and spleen. This test is also useful to understand the difference between testicular cancer, hydrocele, or varicocele.
Bone ultrasonogram is not good; But ultrasonography can be used to diagnose diseases of the bone marrow, ligaments, nerves, muscles, and tendons.

Doppler ultrasonogram
A type of ultrasonogram, where the position of red blood cells can be confirmed with a sound wave change or Doppler effect. Doppler ultrasonogram is commonly used to diagnose blood flow through blood vessels, narrowing of blood vessels, thickening of blood vessels, and heart rate.

Preparation of ultrasonogram

In most cases, no separate preparation is required for the ultrasonogram. But on an empty stomach a few hours before the diagnosis of liver and gallbladder-related diseases. In the early stages of pregnancy, it is recommended to drink plenty of water to determine the amount of urine stuck in the bladder.

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