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Ultrasounds For Pregnancy

Ultrasonography during Pregnancy:

Ultrasounds For Pregnancy
Ultrasonography, a powerful tool for providing services to pregnant mothers, is popular worldwide and essential for reducing maternal and infant mortality. Ultrasonography of almost all the organs of the body can be done.

Ultrasonography is a method of visualizing the interior of the body through sound waves. In 1950, Dr. Ian Donald introduced this method. Its sound waves are beyond our hearing. It is known as a groundbreaking and safe diagnostic method in medicine as it does not use any radioactive rays or X-rays. Ultrasonography of almost all the organs of the body can be done.
Importance:
Ultrasonography should be done at the beginning of pregnancy i.e. two months or six to eight weeks after menopause. In the case of a test tube baby, four weeks after the embryo transplant. A lot of information is known through ultrasonography. E.g.

A lot of information is known through ultrasonography. E.g.

Ensures that the heart is beating and the fetus is in the right place inside the uterus.

Determines the number of embryos.

Accurately determines the date of delivery. Especially those who have irregular menstruation.

Diagnosing ectopic pregnancy or miscarriage in an abnormal place, such a pregnancy can pose a serious danger.

Provides abortion predictions. Determines the inconsistency of fetal size, volume, and fetal heart rate.

It is also known whether there are any structural defects or tumors in the uterus or ovaries.

Ultrasonography at 11-14 Weeks:
Ultrasonography at 11-14 weeks of gestation is very important. At this time the size of the baby is about one to one and a half inches. Genetic or DNA-induced defects can be diagnosed by looking at the level of fluid in the back of the baby's neck, the presence of nasal bone, and the speed and nature of the circulatory system of the primary blood vessel, Dactus venosus. This is why it is called 'genetic ultrasonography'. The diseases that are predicted through this are:

Chromosome-induced defects such as Down syndrome, Edward syndrome, Patau syndrome, Fragile X syndrome, Turners syndrome, etc.

Diagnosis of congenital heart defects, structural defects of the brain, incompatibility of limb bones.

Those who have a history of miscarriage find out if they have cervical relaxation. As a result, timely action can be taken.

Maternal high blood pressure and seizures during pregnancy are also predicted.

Ultrasonography at 18-22 Weeks:
At 18-22 weeks the embryo takes on the form of a full-grown human baby. Every part of the body is made. This is called an anomaly scan because ultrasonography can accurately diagnose structural defects in each organ. Here is what can be seen through ultrasound at this time:

Accurate observation and diagnosis of every organ from head to toe, such as brain structure, eyes, lips, palate, face, stomach, liver, kidneys, heart, fingers, and toes.

The movement of the baby, the length of the baby with the gestation period, size-size, whether the weight is right.

Whether the liquid or amniotic fluid around the baby is OK.

Diagnosis of the placenta in the uterus. If the placenta is located near the cervix, then the need for surgery and prediction of bleeding during pregnancy.

If there is any inconsistency or relaxation in the length of the cervix, there will be premature urination or miscarriage.

The mother's blood flows from the mother's body to the baby's body in the right way, predicting whether the baby will be born with a low birth weight due to malnutrition next time.

Ultrasonography at 28-32 Weeks:
Towards the end of pregnancy, i.e. the last part of the third ultrasonography is required. This ultrasonography is very important to know what will happen to the baby after long months of pregnancy, to give birth to a healthy child, to avoid complications during childbirth. The ultrasonography of this period shows:

Whether the baby has grown to the right size in size, volume and weight. If this ultrasonography also shows that the baby is not gaining weight, then this condition is called an underweight baby. At that time, deliveries of these babies are recommended in hospitals where there is intensive care for newborns.

Diagnosing any errors that have not been detected before.

Fluid or amniotic fluid around the baby, which nourishes the baby and helps it move without injury. Ultrasonography can diagnose a deficiency or excess of this fluid, which can make a difference in the delivery plan.

Determines the correct, inverted, or horizontal position of the baby in the womb, which may lead to complications in normal delivery or may require a cesarean section.

Determining the last position of the placenta in the uterus. If it is found that the placenta or placenta has completely covered the cervix, then the mother can never give birth in a normal way. Then the child must be delivered by cesarean section. This may require a lot of blood, and even the uterus may be cut to save the mother's life if the extra bleeding cannot be stopped.

Special Type of Ultrasonography:
Color Doppler: It can be used to diagnose the speed of blood circulation in a child, vary the supply of oxygen to the brain, etc., and provide accurate weight gain, recovery, or alarm.

Biophysical profile: This special type of ultrasonography is performed at the end of pregnancy if any problem is suspected in the mother or the baby. This can be used to predict the baby's well-being or danger at least seven days in advance by checking spontaneous movements, heart rate, respiration, contraction, and expansion of limb muscles, surrounding fluid levels, etc.
3D / 4D ultrasonography: A skilled sonologist can diagnose all kinds of structural defects and the well-being of a child with a simple two-dimensional ultrasound with an advanced machine. 3D / 4D technology is used in ultrasonography to view three-dimensional images of the baby's body. The mothers were happy to see the beautiful pictures of the baby's face. While in the womb, the child's bond of love is formed with the mother. 3D / 4D ultrasonography can provide additional information only if some structural defects of the face and heart are suspected. Other than that 3D / 4D ultrasonography is not very important during pregnancy.

How often should it be done?
Ultrasonography is usually required about four times during pregnancy. However, in the case of high-risk mothers, more may be needed. Immediate ultrasonography may also be needed for any problems that may arise during pregnancy, such as bleeding, rupture of the water, loss of movement of the baby, suspicion of weight gain, etc.

Side effects:
Since ultrasonography does not use any harmful radioactive rays like X-rays or CT scans, only sound waves are used, so far no harmful effects have been found.

Good quality machines are needed to obtain accurate information through ultrasonography. As well as the person who will have the ultrasonography examined, his skills and experience are also important for accurate diagnosis. Unfortunately, even today, most of the pregnant mothers in our country do not get access to sophisticated diagnostic methods like ultrasonography during pregnancy. As a result, it is not possible to identify pre-risk mothers. Success is not coming in childbirth planning. Postpartum complications are on the rise, with high maternal mortality rates. Only if every pregnant mother is given the opportunity to undergo ultrasonography is it possible to ensure the birth of a healthy child and safe motherhood.

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