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Vitamin source:

Sources of vitamins, functions, and diseases of deficiency:
Vitamin source

Vitamin A

Characteristics: (1) This vitamin is soluble in oil.

(2) It is called anti-xerophthalmic vitamin because it prevents blindness.

(3) Its chemical name is axerophthol or retinol. This vitamin is said to be anti-infective as it prevents infections.

(4) It is a special component of retinal rod cells in the third layer of the eye.

(5) This vitamin is synthesized from the carotene in the human liver and beta carotene in small amounts.

Vitamin source
Symptoms of Vitamin-C deficiency in the body


Vegetable sources: Carrots, tomatoes, fruits, spinach, cabbage, vegetable oils, etc. contain this vitamin.

Animal source: cod, shark, halibut fish liver oil is rich in this vitamin. This vitamin is also found in milk, egg yolks, butter, fish, etc.

The function of Vitamin A: (1) This vitamin helps in the growth of animals.

(2) Retina helps in the rod-cell formation and prevents night blindness.

(3) regulates the function of glandular and mantle collars.

(4) Prevents disease transmission.

(5) Regulates the nutrition and function of the nervous system.

(6) Helps in normal cell function and bone growth.

Vitamin A deficiency results: Lack of vitamin A causes night blindness.

(2) Erosion of digestive tract, trachea, nerves, etc.

(3) The bones of the spine and skull are enlarged.

(4) Keratomodlasia i.e. cornea is destroyed.

(5) Renal stones or kidney stones are formed.

Vitamin D

◾️ Features: (1) It is a soluble vitamin.

(2) Its chemical name is calciferol.

(3) This vitamin is called the anti-rheumatic vitamin because it prevents rickets.

(4) This vitamin is synthesized from the human body with the help of ultraviolet rays of sunlight.

(5) It is called steroid vitamin.


Vegetable Source: This oil is found in small amounts in vegetable oil and cabbage.

Animal source: Liver oil, especially cod and halibut liver oil, is a significant source of vitamin D. It is also found in eggs, butter, and milk.

Efficacy: (1) Helps in absorption of calcium and phosphorus.

(2) Helps in bone formation.

(3) Regulates the metabolism of calcium and phosphorus

(4) Regulates the balance of calcium in the blood.

(5) Helps in tooth formation and tooth growth

(6) Prevents rickettsial disease.

Deficiency results: (1) Lack of this vitamin causes rickets in children and osteomyelitis in adults.

(2) Tooth decay occurs and tooth decay is observed.

(3) The amount of calcium in the blood decreases and the metabolism of calcium increases.

Vitamin E.

◾️ Features: (1) It is an oil-soluble vitamin.

(2) The chemical name is phylloquinone or naphthoquinone

(3) This vitamin is called the anti-hemorrhagic vitamin as it prevents hemorrhage or bleeding.

(4) This vitamin is synthesized in the gut by germs.


Vegetable sources: Cabbage, spinach, tomato, alpha-alpha spinach, etc.

Animal source: Milk, butter, pork liver oil, etc.

Efficacy: (1) This vitamin helps the liver in the synthesis of Prothrombin.

(2) Helps to normalize the amount of Pothrombin in the blood.

(3) Helps prevent blood clotting.

Deficiency results: (1) Decreased amount of prothrombin in the blood.

(2) Prolonged hemorrhage and hemorrhage.

Vitamin B complex

◾️ Features: Vitamin B complex is water-soluble.

Vegetable sources: Dhenkichhata rice, red flour, yeast, nuts, rice fan, spinach, cabbage, tomato, grated lentils contain this vitamin.

Animal sources: Milk, eggs, goat meat, goat liver, fish, meat, etc. contain this vitamin.

Efficacy: (1) body growth.

(2) Blood cell formation.

(3) Keeping the mucous membranes healthy.

(4) Increase appetite and increase digestive power.

Deficiency results: (1) Beriberi- usually occurs in the absence of B1. This disease causes edema and paralysis of the limbs.

(2) Pernicious anemia - usually caused by a deficiency of folic acid and B12.

(3) Pellegra (in this disease, various parts of the skin and esophagus become swollen, inflamed on the tongue and various parts of the body become rough and dark) due to lack of niacin.

(4) Stomatitis or sores on the face and glossitis or sores on the tongue in the absence of B2.

(5) Diseases like loss of appetite, indigestion, tingling, burning of hands and feet etc.

Vitamin C

◾️ Features: (1) It is a water-soluble vitamin.

(2) Its chemical name is ascorbic acid.

(3) This vitamin is resistant to scurvy, so it is called an anti- scrubiotic vitamin.

(4) Vitamin C cannot tolerate heat, so it is not found in cooked food and in boiling pain.

(5) This vitamin is synthesized in the adrenal cortex of lower-class animals, so these animals do not get scurvy.

Vegetable Sources: Oranges, Mangoes, Guavas, Grapes, Sprouted Lentils, Raw Chillies, Cauliflower, Spinach, Tomatoes, etc.

Animal source: This source is rarely found in animal feed, but in breast milk and fish and meat. But not at all in pasteurized milk and boiling milk.

Efficacy: (1) Helps in the formation of red blood cells and nuclei.

Help keep gums healthy and prevent scurvy.

(3) Increases immunity in the body.

(4) Helps in the oxidation process by detaching hydrogen from the banana cells.

Deficiency results:

(1) Scurvy is a disease.

(2) is anemic.

(3) Bone and tooth decay occur.

(4) It is easy to catch a cold when the immune system is weakened.

(5) Reduces the number of red blood cells and nuclei.

(6) Wounds do not dry easily.

Vitamin - P

◾️ Features: (1) The chemical name of vitamin P is citrine.

(2) It is a water-soluble vitamin.

Source: The source is like vitamin C because this vitamin is located with vitamin C.

Efficacy: Vitamin C helps to speed up the action.

Deficiency results:

Lack of this vitamin causes scurvy and bleeding from the roots of the teeth.

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