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Leprosy: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment
Hearing the name of leprosy spreads panic even today. Even today, when people hear that someone has such a disease, they do not want to be around that person, they avoid it. The person suffering from leprosy suffers from physical pain and also suffers from various social and mental problems. This is because of the fact that people with leprosy are considered untouchable in many cases. This disease causes damage to the skin, causing the skin to rot. That is why many people hate leprosy patients. But it is important to remember that leprosy is not a sin and that a person infected with the disease is not guilty. Leprosy is a bacterial infection. Early detection and appropriate treatment can cure this disease completely. So it is important for people to have accurate knowledge about this. In today's report, the causes, symptoms, and treatment of leprosy are discussed in detail.

What is Leprosy?
Leprosy or Hansen's disease is a chronic infection caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium leprae. These bacteria spread the infection quickly on the skin. In addition, the infection can damage nerves, respiratory tract, and eyes. There are several types of leprosy -
Tubercular leprosy
Intermediate leprosy
Lepromatous leprosy

Leprosy usually affects the skin of the hands. Infections can cause skin lesions, nerve damage, and the body may feel weak and numb. People of any age, from children to adults, can be affected by this disease.

Causes of leprosy and cause for concern
Leprosy is an infection caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium leprae. This infection can spread from person to person, let's find out how this infection can spread -
The infection can be spread from person to person through sneezing or coughing.
If an infected person has a cold, the bacteria can also be spread through nasal secretions.
There is a risk of infection by shaking hands or touching the cheeks of an infected person.
Children are more likely to be infected than adults.
People with low immunity get the disease very quickly.

Symptoms of leprosy
The earliest symptoms of leprosy are:
Skin discoloration, pale spots, and blemished skin.
The skin feels irritated, sore, and feels extremely hot.
The muscles become weak.
Hands and feet become sore and numb.
The hair goes up.
Dry and dry skin.
Wounds in the lower part of the foot.
Close the nose and bleed through the nose.

Treatment of leprosy
Any physical problem needs proper treatment at the right time. Here we will discuss the treatment of leprosy:
Antibiotics - Antibiotics work great in the treatment of some diseases. Can fight against pathogenic bacteria. Its use may be beneficial in the treatment of leprosy. These antibiotics include dapsone, rifampicin, clofazimine, fluoroquinolones, macrolides, and minocycline.

Anti-inflammatory drugs - Many diseases cause sores on the body which cause severe irritation and pain. In that case, the use of anti-inflammatory drugs helps reduce swelling and reduces pain. These drugs include aspirin, prednisone, and thalidomide.

Ways to avoid leprosy
When we see someone suffering from a disease, we also find a way to avoid that disease. Leprosy is also a disease. Let's find out the ways to avoid this disease -
Try to keep a distance from the person with leprosy.
The BCG (Bacillus Calmette-Guerin) vaccine can cure leprosy.
It is very important to keep yourself clean to protect yourself from any kind of infection.
Eat nutritious food so that the body does not lack the necessary nutrients and develop immunity.

Leprosy was once a terrible infection, but now it is possible to cure it. If you are a little aware, you can avoid this disease. If there is a leprosy patient around, do not hate him and arrange proper treatment. Do not panic unnecessarily. Because leprosy patients need proper treatment and care. Hopefully, the information in this report will help you in the future. Stay healthy, keep others healthy.

Frequently Asked Questions
Is leprosy still there?
Leprosy is no longer as frightening as it used to be. Nowadays it is a rare disease. There are also necessary medical arrangements. Most infected people can lead normal lives during and after treatment.

What is leprosy?
Touching a patient once does not mean that you will get leprosy. Physicians believe that prolonged direct contact with an infected person can spread leprosy from one person to another. Sneezing and coughing are more common in infected people.

Who has a higher risk of leprosy?
Leprosy can occur at any age. People 5 to 15 or over 30 years old can also be infected with this bacterium. According to research, more than 95% of people infected with the Mycobacterium leprae bacterium do not develop leprosy. This is because their body develops immunity to fight against this infection.

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