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Psoriatic Arthritis

What is psoriatic arthritis?

Psoriatic Arthritis

Psoriatic arthritis is an arthritis associated with psoriasis, a chronic skin and nail disease. Psoriasis causes red, scaly rashes and thick fingernails. Similar to rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in the case of psoriatic arthritis symptoms and joint swelling (inflammation). However, it affects less joints than RA. And it does not produce normal RA antibodies. Psoriatic arthritis Arthritis comes in 5 forms:

 

Arthritis, which affects the small joints of your fingers, toes, or both

Asymmetric arthritis of the joints of the hands and feet

Symmetrical polyarthritis, similar to RA

Arthritis mutilans, a rare arthritis that destroys and deforms joints

Psoriatic spondylitis, lower back arthritis (sacroiliac sac) and spine


What causes psoriatic arthritis?

Doctors do not know the cause of psoriatic arthritis. But factors like immunity, genes and the environment can all play a role.


What are the symptoms of psoriatic arthritis?

Symptoms of psoriasis may appear before or after arthritis. Psoriasis causes red, scaly rashes and thick fingernails. 3 out of 20 people with psoriasis may have psoriatic arthritis. Symptoms of psoriatic arthritis may include:

Swollen, swollen and painful joints, often on the fingers and toes deformed joints from chronic inflammation

The symptoms of psoriatic arthritis can look like any other health condition. Consult your doctor for a diagnosis.

 

How is psoriatic arthritis diagnosed?

Psoriatic Arthritis It's easy to make sure you already have psoriasis. If you do not have skin symptoms, it will be more difficult to diagnose. The procedure begins with a medical history and physical examination. Your doctor will ask about your symptoms. You may have a blood test to do the following:

 

Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR or sedimentation rate). This test shows how quickly red blood cells fall to the bottom of a test tube. When there is swelling and inflammation, the blood proteins accumulate and become heavier than normal. They fall and settle more quickly under the test tube. The faster the blood cells fall, the more intense the inflammation.

 

Uric acid. High levels of uric acid in the blood are seen in psoriatic arthritis but are not used for diagnosis or monitoring.

Imaging. X-rays, CT scans, ultrasounds, MRIs and skin biopsies can all be used to diagnose the disease.

How is psoriatic arthritis treated?

Treatment will depend on your symptoms, age and general health. It also depends on the severity of your illness.


Both skin conditions and inflammation of the joints are treated. Early diagnosis and treatment prevents joint damage. Some medicines used to treat psoriatic arthritis include:


Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) used to relieve symptoms

Corticosteroids for inflammation

Immunosuppressive drugs, such as methotrexate, are used to reduce inflammation when NSAIDs do not work.

Biological medicine to relieve inflammation

Vitamins and minerals like calcium and vitamin D reduce bone deformation


Other treatments may include:

An exercise

Heat and cold

Occupational therapy helps you with your daily routine

Physiotherapy to support your muscles and joints

Psoriasis rash management

Rail

Surgery to repair or replace a damaged joint. It is usually not needed year after year after diagnosis.

UV treatment (UVB or PUVA)


What are the possible complications of psoriatic arthritis?

The condition can cause enough damage to the joints to change the level of your activity. Lack of activity can lead to stiff joints and muscle weakness. Psoriatic arthritis can lead to fatigue (fatigue) and low red blood cells (anemia). You are more likely to develop:


Diabetes

High blood pressure

High cholesterol

Obesity

Living with psoriatic arthritis

There is no cure for psoriatic arthritis. However, you can reduce your symptoms by sticking to your treatment plan. Manage pain with medication, acupuncture and meditation. Get enough exercise. Good exercises like yoga, swimming, walking and cycling. Work with a physical therapist or occupational therapist. He can suggest devices to help you in your daily work.


When should I call my doctor?

Tell your doctor if your symptoms get worse or if you have any new symptoms.


Key points about psoriatic arthritis

Psoriatic arthritis is a type of arthritis with a rash.

Psoriasis is a chronic skin and nail disease. It causes red, scaly rashes and thick fingernails. The rash may appear before or after the symptoms of arthritis.

Psoriatic arthritis causes swollen, swollen and painful joints. It is commonly found between the fingers and toes. It can occur in deformed joints.

Treatment includes medications, heat and cold, splints, exercise, physical therapy and surgery.


May be included.

The next step

Tips for most frequent visits to your doctor:


Find out the reason for your visit and what you want to happen.

Before you visit, write down the questions you want to answer.

Take someone with you to ask questions and help you note down what your provider says.


When you visit, write the name of a new diagnosis and any new medications, treatments or tests. Also, write down any new instructions your provider gives you.

Learn why a new drug or treatment is being prescribed and how it will help you. Also, find out what the side effects are.


Ask if there is another way to treat your condition.

Learn why a test or procedure is recommended and what the results might mean.

Find out what to expect if you don't take medication or do tests or procedures.

If you have a follow-up appointment, make a note of the date, time and purpose of that visit.

Learn how to contact your doctor if you have any questions.

Thanks,

Take care, stay healthy.

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